Privatization in the Palestinian Economy (Applied Study in the Palestinian Institutions)

Discussion Committee: 
Prof. Abed lfateh Abu-Shokor
Haytham Yousef Mohammad Owideh
This study aimed at acquainting to the factors that push us to resort to privatization, and the required targets of it’s application financially, administratively, socially and legally in the Palestinian institutions, and also acquainting to hindrances which it faces and what may be expected to face the mechanism of Privatization application in the Palestinian institutions (group of hindrances). Add to this, acquaintance to the most important positives and negations in the process of privatization at these institutions. Privatization is applied to the Palestinian Telecommunications Company, the Palestinian Energy sector, the Palestinian securities Exchange, Palestinian cities and industrial zones, International Gaze airport and seaport water sector, Palestine Investment fund. The study came to a result that Privatization achieves its economical, administrative and financial targets through the increase of economical growth and general investments, and improvement of the government financial status, and productivity increase, improvement of service levels and the administrative aspect, the growth of man power; and of the financial aspect in the reduction of payments balance deficiency, and reduction of general expenditure size, and the help of granting the financial independence of the general institutions and helps it in the reduction of the general debt. Privatization does not achieve it’s social targets from achieving the social welfare, reduction of unemployment averages, processing poverty problem and achieving justice in distribution. The study reached to recommendations of which are supplying stable political legal, and economical environment characterized in the political initiative , and law mastery and protection of the individual property, and development of securities exchanges as being considered an important control means to the institutions deed and graduation and selectivity in achieving policies of privatization application, and forming an independent corporation for Privatization that has wide authorities with experienced and independent members, and limiting positives and negations for privatization cases and processing studies and comparisons to the Arab states experiences that followed policy of Privatization in their economics.
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