An-Najah National University Students' Attitudes towards the Palestinian Environment

Discussion Committee: 
Mohammad Salem Al-Amleh
Azmi Ibrahim Matarbeh
This study dealt with five areas: Pollution, Population explosion, ecological balance, Protecting Palestinian Environment, and Consumption of natural resources. The main purpose of this study was to find out the environmental attitudes of An-Najah University students. Definitely, it aimed at answering the following issues: 1- What are the attitudes of An-Najah National University students towards the Palestinian Environment? 2- Do male and female differ in their attitudes towards the environment? 3- Do they differ in their attitudes from one college to another? 4- Do these attitudes differ because of the difference in students' residence? To answer these questions, a sample of two hundred and thirty four male and female students was selected. To be more precise, a hundred and five were males and a hundred and twenty nine were females. The sample amounts was approximately nineteen percent of the society. The individuals of the sample were chosen randomly following the regular arbitrary sampling method. The instrument was developed by the author, and it was consisted of forty items which were arranged under five main headings. Pollution, population explosion ecological balance protecting environment and consumption of natural resources. The instrument validity was established using a panel of judges together with item analysis. Its reliability was calculated using the test and re-test method, and it was 0.93. To answer the first question, standard mathematical means and Celsius percentages were used. However, to answer the second question (t-test) method was used. For answering the third and fourth questions one — way ANOVA was used. What was the result? The following points were the results of the study: 1- An-Najah National University students have had high positive attitudes towards the environment amounting to 72%. 2- Celsius percentages of positive environmental attitudes with regard to the five main topics of the study differ from one area to another. It reached exactly 77.42% in consumption of natural resources, but it amounted to 65.75% in the field of population explosion. 3- No significant differences were found in students' attitudes towards the environment due to their gender. 4- The results of one-way "Analysis of Variance" showed that there were significant differences in students' attitudes towards the environment resulting from the different colleges they attended to. 5- No significant differences were found in students' attitudes towards the environment due to their residence. This study recommended that: 1- Environmental education course is to be as a required course at the university. 2- Making studies and researches to know the secondary students' attitudes towards the environment. 3- Making a research, which distinguishes the students' attitudes in the Palestinian and Israeli's Universities towards environment.
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