Land Transportation in Jenin Governorate “A Geographical Study”

Discussion Committee: 
Dr. Wa’el Ennab- Supervisor
Dr. Waleed Mustafa- External Examiner
Dr. Adeeb Al- Khateeb- Internal Examiner
Dr. Wa’el Ennab - supervisor
Mohammad Yousef Nemer Khateeb
This study addressed the issue of land transport as one of the subjects of Transportation Geography considered as one of the branches of Economic Geography. The study focused on Jenin Governorate, an area that was defined according to the Palestinian National Authority’s division after 1993 as being part of the West Bank of River Jordan. The study aimed to identify the current situation of transportation in Jenin Governorate in terms of the existent roads, traffic volume and the factors affecting it, in addition to the main problems that the transportation sector faces in this area. To achieve these goals, the researcher divided the study into six main chapters. Chapter one included the problem of the study, its importance, objectives and hypotheses, in addition to the methodology and previous studies. Chapter two included a study of the general characteristics of the road network in the Governorate which covered a number of subjects such as the classification of roads, their characteristics, length and the degree of slope each road has. In the third chapter, the researcher discussed the geographical factors affecting the road network and traffic in the Governorate; those included the natural factors in the area under study such as the geographical location, topography, geological structure, soil and climate characteristics of the area. Other factors included the human factors such as population, urbanism and economic activity, in addition to political developments especially the impact of the Separation Wall. In the fourth chapter, the researcher presented a study of the quantitative analysis of the main and secondary road network; the analysis included urban nodes, network density, detour index, connectivity index and the degree of centrality, in addition to traffic intensity on some roads. The fifth chapter included the different means of transportation in the Governorate and the problems that result from them, whereas in the sixth and final chapter the researcher included the main results and recommendations of the study. Among the results that the study has reached was the fact that the value of the detour index increased because of the topography of the area under study. Also, the study has shown that the road between Jenin and Nablus had the greatest traffic intensity in both directions (that is from Jenin to Nablus and vice versa). Moreover, the study revealed the extent to which the Separation Wall has affected the roads’ directions and traffic in the area. In addition to the results, the researcher presented a number of recommendations. First, he pointed out the importance of encouraging people to use public transport in order to reduce the impacts on the environment and alleviate traffic jam in the center of the Governorate especially during rush hour time. The researcher also highlighted the necessity to establish special institutions that are specialized in dealing with roads and road-related issues such as roads expansion and the construction of bridges and tunnels to reduce traffic jam especially at crossroads and intersections within the city. He also recommended increasing the green area around roads’ sides and in places that are subject to frequent traffic jams. Furthermore, he recommended the building of vertical parking lots for vehicles instead of the common horizontal ones in order to save space and avoid the elimination of more agricultural lands in the city.
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