Divorce: Reasons and Consequences from the Perspective Of Divorced Women A Field-Based Study in the Area of Nablus City

Discussion Committee: 
Dr. Faisal AL-Za’noun/suprvisor
Dr.Emad Eshtayeh/external examiner
Dr. Wajeeh Thaher/internal examiner
Dr. Faisal AL-Za’noun/suprvisor
Mahitab Ahmad Abuzant
Successful marriages improve the socio-economic conditions of communities. Meanwhile, communities with phenomenal high divorce rates, suffer from serious socio-economical problems. The main goal of this study is to have a divorce-cause analysis and to evaluate its passive socio-economic consequences from the perspective of divorced women in the area of Nablus city. In addition, and based on the obtained results and conclusions, this study aims to have several recommendations that attempt to minimize the divorce rate as well as its passive socio-economic impact on our society. The study consists of seven sections: The first section includes the problem statement, study hypothesis as well as description of the used methodology, which included designing the questions that demonstrate both the importance and the goals of the study. Moreover, this part includes surveillance of the previous literature of the most important studies conducted on the same subject in other societies. The second section is assigned to review and analyze the theoretical framework of divorce in terms of historical perspective, reasons, and theories that attempt to explain its socio-economic consequences. The third section is devoted to discuss and analyze the impact of social changes that occurred during the twentieth century on the divorce rate in the Palestinian society in comparison to regional and global divorce rates during the same time period. The fourth section includes the procedure and methods used to analyze the obtained data as well as the statistical tools used to evaluate both the credibility and the statistical importance of the obtained results. The fifth section focuses on the analysis and interpretation of various aspects of divorced individuals by using simple statistical tables based on the duplicates and cross-tables. The sixth section is used to have answers that scientifically support the main points of the study hypothesis. Finally, the seventh section summarizes the most important results, conclusions and recommendations of the study among which are the following: • Rapid and continuous modern changes in Palestinian society have a significant effect on increasing the divorce rate in this society. • More than half of the divorce cases happen during the engagement period (before the wedding). • Most of the divorce cases occur among educated young couples. • The economic status plays a vital role on affecting the level of divorce rate. • In most cases, interventions by the family of both couples have passive effects that ultimately result in couple divorce. • The socio-economic impact has a significantly more passive influence on females than males due to the patriarchal nature of the Palestinian community. Based on the results and conclusions of this study, it is recommended that: • Serious and deep studies must be conducted to assess the main reasons behind the continuously-increasing divorce rate that occur during the engagement period. • Specialized institutions must be established to educate people and raise their awareness about the passive social and psychological impact of divorce. • Other institutions must also be founded for the purpose of providing divorced individuals, especially females, with psychological and social support and certain career skills that guarantee a financial income to help them have an honorable life. • Finally, it is strongly recommended to modify the legislation and laws of women organizations and other non-governmental social organizations in such a way that guarantees further protection of the humanitarian, social, and economic rights of divorced individuals.
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