Diseases in the cities of Nablus and TulkaremA Comparative Study in Medical Geography

Discussion Committee: 
Dr. Ayman Hussein/supervisor
Dr. Samer Radad/external examiner
Dr. ahmad Ra'fat/internal examiner
Dr.Sa'ed Zioud/internal examiner
Dr. Ayman Hussein/supervisor
Samah yousef Hassan Abdel Razek
The aim of this study was to investigate the role of the geographical environment (whether natural or human) in the emergence and spread of certain diseases in the two cities, and to highlight and emphasize the role in tracking the geographical pathological phenomena are most prevalent in the Palestinian cities It aimed also to identify the characteristics of the population (demographic and economic and social) and clarify its impact on health conditions, and find out who are those responsible for the provision of health services in the Palestinian cities. To achieve the goals of the study, researchers have designed a questionnaire that included a set of questions. The tool was divided into eight sections; the first section intended to encourage the respondents to answer the vertebrae resolution objectively; the second section’s aim was to collect information on the population such as demographic information,, place of residence, sex, and number of members of the housing. The third section was intended to obtain information on the head of the household, including age, education level and kinship between spouses,. The forth section aimed to obtain information on the most common diseases in the study area. The other sections included questions in order to collect information on health insurance, the drinking water used in the two cities, health awareness of the population on hygiene health and information regarding waste and how to dispose of them in the two cities. The sample size which included 530 participantants was chosen randomly from the two cities taking population sizes in consideration. Respondents were interviewed by the researcher in a face-to-face manner. Data collected were analyzed using statistical packages (SPSS) and then analyze the results using statistical treatment needed. The finding of the study showed that there are a number if diseases are prevalent in the study area. Those diseases include diabetes, high blood pressure, skin allergy and heart disease. High percentage of people diagnosed with cancer in Tulkarm compared with Nablus that may indicate the effect of environmental or climate effect. Other factors such as health awareness, education level and other demographic factors on prevalence of diseases were discussed. Based on the study finding, a set of recommendations were suggested by the researchers including activating the role of different media forms and types of the importance of health awareness among citizens about the most important diseases in the study area and how to prevent them and to increase awareness about the phenomenon of inbreeding and the resulting disease hereditary, as well as to educate workers in various fields about diseases that are caused by the nature of their work, and provide them with means of prevention and public safety during working hours.
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