Antibacterial activity of Rosmarinus officinalis L., alone and in combination with cefuroxime, against methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus

Nasser Jarrar
Awni Abu-Hijleh
Kamel Adwan

Objective: To determine the antimicrobial activity of rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis L.)
and to investigate the synergistic effects of this extract combined with ceforuxime against
methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). Methods: The inhibitory and
bactericidal activities of rosemary ethanol extract, alone and in combination with cefuroxime,were studied. Results: The minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) of the ethanol extract of rosemary were in the range of 0.39 to 3.13 mg/ml. The minimum bactericidal
concentrations (MBCs) were usually equal to or double that MICs. The antimicrobial activity
of combinations of the ethanol extract of rosemary and cefuroxime indicated their synergistic
effects against all MRSAs. Conclusion: The present work clearly demonstrates that rosemary
has a key role in the elevation of susceptibility to β -lactams.