The Use of Water Evaluation and Planning "WEAP" Program as a Planning Tool for Jerusalem Water Undertaking "JWU" Service Area

Year: 
2009
Discussion Committee: 
Dr. Anan Jayyousi - Academic Advisor
Dr. Mohammad Almasri - Academic Advisor
Dr. Hafez Shaheen - Internal Examiner
Dr. Amjad Aliewi - External Examiner
Supervisors: 
Dr.Anan Jayyousi
Dr.Mohammed Al Masri
Authors: 
Leen Mohammad Sanjaq
Abstract: 
Water shortage is one of the real challenges facing the Palestinian people. Our fast growing population, urbanization, and the expansion of development and economic activities in Ramallah and Al-Bireh district exert pressure on available water resources. This study attempts to develop an integrated water resources management for the area which is served by Jerusalem Water Undertaking (JWU), by using (WEAP) model. WEAP model allows the simulation and analysis of various water allocations, the concept of regional utilities and its impact on water management was evaluated. The study methodology consists of two components (1) data gathering and reviews (2) WEAP Model that aided to evaluate water resources management options for the study area. Three management options for JWU are investigated. The three options which were developed into WEAP and tested as follows: Option 1: pumping water from Eastern Aquifer Basin Option 2: pumping water from Western Aquifer Basin Option 3: pumping water from Both Aquifer Basins The results obtained in this study show that the service area of the central water utility should be connected together to allow better management of the available water resources. Results also show that the estimated future water needs for the service area of the central water utility is 40 MCM by the end of year 2025. The results reveal that applying a demand management program and involvement the private sector resulted in decreasing the water demand by about 14 MCM by the end of year 2025. Pumping water from both eastern and western aquifer basins as in option 3 is the most economic option because the average cost is 27.7 U.S. cents per m³. While in option 2 when the unmet demand was covered from western aquifer basin is the most expensive option with estimated cost 29.7 U.S. cents. In option 1 the estimated cost is 28.6 U.S. cents.
Pages Count: 
120
Status: 
Published