Socio-economic Factors Influencing Women's Fertility in Ramallah

Discussion Committee: 
Dr. Houseen Ahmad
Mohammed Abd Almageed Houseen Yaqoop
This study sought to measure the fertility levels and factors affecting that in Ramallah city. The researcher used a questionnaire, which was distributed among married women. The sample consisted of 360 women and the city was divided into six quarters. The researcher also obtained data from the Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics. For analyses, the researcher used statistical analysis to get a quantitative measurement of variables. Span of marriage life occupied first place followed by number of dead children, educational level and age of mother upon first marriage respectively. Age structure of the examined population showed that the young-aged population, 0-14 years, represented 3 8.4% of total population while the elderly (65 years and more) represented 0.8% of total population. Middle-aged people (15-64) represented 51.6% of city population. Children-women ratio was found to be 51.6% and gender structure showed that there were 90.58 males as opposed to 100 females. Number of married people represented 73.5% of all male population (15 years and more) and 71.9% of total female population (15 years and more). Rates of divorce were 0.2% among males and 6.7% among females. The age average upon first marriage was 23.5 for males and 19.5 for females. Regarding the economic structure, it was found that 56.2% of total population (15 years and above) were employed. Of these 30.9% were working in the services sector. The family's average monthly income in the city was 464.93 Jordanian dinars. The raw rate of births was 32.4 per thousand while the rate of fertility per annum was 108.3 per thousand. The total rate of fertility was 3.5 while the overall rate of fertility was 1.35. The span of marriage life occupied first place in terms of its influence on number of births. The educational level and number of dead births occupied third and second places respectively. It was also found that the average number of born children, whose parents hailed from rural areas, was higher than of children whose parents were natives of the city. It was also found that religion had a role in determining the number of births. The Christian mother delivered 2.27% births whereas the Muslim woman delivered 3.7% births. The study found that the working mother has an average of 2.3% births whereas the housewife had an average of 4.8% births. The nature of mother's work had also an influence in the number of births. It was found the mothers who were working in the private sector had an average of 1.94 births whereas those working in education sector had an average of 2.64 births. The study also investigated the influence of income on average number of children. It was found that the higher the income was, the lower the average number of births a woman would have.
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