The Role of the Palestinain Youth in Policy Making Inside the Youth Federations and its Impact on Development- Volunteers of Partner Federations to Bessan Center for Reseaech and Development as a Model (2000-2007)

Discussion Committee: 
Prof. Abdul Sattar Kassem
Sana Ata Mohammad Yousef
This study has tried to evaluate the role of the youth in youth federations and its impact on development. The study sample was conducted on youth volunteers from Bisan Center for Research and Development" ALjiwar Project" in partnership with Oxfam Quebec and funded by Canadian Agency for Development "CIDA". The project was implemented in: the Old city of Nablus, Ein Bait Elma refugee camp, Alfara'a refugee camps, Jenin refugee camp, Bait Emreen village, Borqa village and Aseera Elshamalyeh", The local partners in the targeted areas are: Borka youth club, Asyra youth club, Shabab BeitEmreen Center. To answer the study questions, which were designed to show the degree of the youth knowledge of their needs, state of affairs, and how they amalgamate in the federations they presented, the nature of their relations to the administrative staff in the youth federations, the effect of the training they received, through the project, on their capacity building to become capable of drawing working policies inside youth federations and the extent to which this was reflected on youth development during the period 2000-2007. Answering these questions comes through analyzing some of the vocabularies, foundations and basic skills, by introducing Bisan Center for Research and Development, the concept of youth partnerships, volunteers selection inside the federations, youth federations, capacity building, empowerment and finally, the effect of this on the role of the youth on policy making and the its impact on development. The study has started with historical and social introduction by reviewing the history of establishing the Palestinian youth federations. The external funds for youth federations and its effect on creating real development in the West Bank and the Gaza Strip was reviewed afterwards. The work concluded that external funds will not create development. It will impose alternative solutions that match the donors’ vision of ending the Palestinian resistance. Besides, creating a new consuming non-productive generation who will work on projects imposed by donating countries to serve their agenda in the region. The main body of the research depended on fieldwork. It tried to underline and evaluate the role of the Palestinian youth in policy making inside youth federations. It focused on evaluating federations current situation, the nature of their work as a host to the youth and to give them the opportunity to be heard and to play their role in society. It is known that youth federations host young people in their programs, even if they work in other areas. In the opinion of federations' administrative bodies, there is an overall weakness in youth participation in policy making inside development federations. According to them; the youth benefit from the federation through training, but they leave the local community as they have no trust to the federations of the local society. Depending on results analysis, the administrators see that the role of the youth within federations is limited to implementation and training. When talking about the state of affairs of youth federations, its seen that they were able to develop their performance through training and the use of reports and administrative and financial models that have been introduced to them through the neighborhood corner project. In addition the administrators are knowledgeable of their role and responsibilities. Most federations find it difficult to finance it projects. They think that external fund imposes restrictions on the their performance regarding both its work and the involvement of youth. On the contrary, the youth had another view. They found that the potential of youth federations within the current situation (poor funding, shortage of local resources and reliance on external funds) create a real barrier in front of the youth achieve their needs. They also believed that the neighborhood corner project has doubled their skills. They described programs provided by federations as lacking to projects that draw the attention of the youth. They saw the projects as spontaneous. And as they implement the vision of the donor, they are far away from the Palestinian reality.
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