Palestinian National Interest Concept and its Impact on the Palestinian National Unity Since Oslo Accords 1993

Discussion Committee: 
Dr. Othman Othman/supervisor
Dr. Nizam Salahat/external examiner
Dr. Ebrahem Abu Jaber/internlal examiner
Dr. Othman Othman/supervisor
Mu'tasim Muhammad Muflih Al-Kilani
This study aims to identify the Palestinian national interest concept, and to shed light on the evolution of this concept and its historical phases. The actors that influence in identifying it, and the criteria upon which, identifying the concept is based. It also aims to shed light on the impact of this concept in achieving the Palestinian National Unity, and how the Oslo Agreement affected that. The researcher discussed these topics through the five chapters of his thesis as follows: The first chapter, which defined the thesis preface and its problem, its objectives and its premise and previous studies. The second chapter discussed the origins and evolution of the national interest concept and its basis. The third chapter discussed the development of the Palestinian national movement, the Palestinian political thought, the determinants and the general characteristics of the Palestinian factious system. The fourth chapter addressed the relationship between the national interest concept and the national liberation phase, the Oslo Agreement - its causes, the positions towards it, and its consequences. The fifth chapter has highlighted the positions of the Palestinian factions from the national interest concept and their impact on achieving the national unity. The researcher followed several research approaches, including the descriptive analytical approach, the historical approach and the comparative one. In addition to interviews with the Palestinian factions leaders to stand on their vision to the national interest concept. The study concluded many consequences, most notably, that there is a difference between researchers in approving a specific definition to the national interest. Moreover, the parties, the organizations and the elites are the most influential actors in the formulation of the national interest concept. Additionally, the Palestinian national interest concept is affected by internal and external factors. Furthermore, the Palestinian national movement has a conflict in visions, as each faction tries to confer its political ideas, its programs and its methods on the concept. Finally, the Oslo Agreement led to the lack of an obvious political or military strategy. According to many specialists, after Oslo Agreement, after the peace process halt and the escalation of Hamas power, the Palestinian division was an expected result. What happened in Gaza Strip in the summer of 2007 is considered with its results as a blow that harmed the Palestinian national interest. The study suggests that the national interest concept is covered with special interests of the organizations and the concept is declining in favor of two elements, the factious factor and the social division. The agreement on the national interest basis is a prerequisite for the national unity. The study also indicates that there is no obvious reference or specific definition to the national interest concept in the Palestinian organizations literature. Most of the Palestinian factions consider that there is no concept agreed on by factions.
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