Man: Wholes and parts in the Holy Quran (A Semantic Study)

Discussion Committee: 
Prof. Yahya Jaber
Salam Muhammad Yaseen Al-Hihi
This study examines the terms and words that refer and describe man in whole and particularity in the Holy Quran. The study was divided into four chapters and began with an introduction and a preface in which the researcher described how the Holy Quran focused on the human being and how it talked about the different aspects of his life in details starting with the first stages of his creation and his journey in life. In the first chapter the researcher discussed the words and terminology that are used to refer to the human being's creation phases such as: the sperm (Nutfa), the Alaqa, the embryo (Mudgha), the bones, the meat, settlement and the puffing of the soul. After birth comes the next stages which include childhood, youth, adulthood, adolescence, old age and their linguistic origination. The second chapter contained the words that refer to a human being in general which the researcher divided into two parts. The first one included words that refer to the whole human race and consisted of four categories. First category contained: Family / clan / tribe and offspring. Second are: People / nation. Third are: Humans / people. Fourth are: Faction / group / Nafar (group of a family) / Raht / folk / sect / party. In the second part, the researcher included terms that describe the human being and his relationships (kinship terms) which include: First: Direct kinship such as father / mother / brother / sister / son / and daughter. Second: Indirect kinship terms such as uncle / aunt / uncle from the mother's side, Khal / aunt from the mother's side, Khala / niece / grandfather / grandson / cousin / uncle's daughter from the mother's side / aunt's daughter from the mother's side / aunt's daughter from the father's side / uncle's daughter from the father's side. Third: kinship by custom such as: husband / wife / companion. The third chapter included terms that refer to organs and parts of the human being which the researcher discussed in four sections. In the first one, the researcher spoke about the elements that make up the human body such as blood, meat, bone and soul. The second one included terms that refer to body organs used for senses such as the eye, the ear, the nose, the hand and the skin. In the third section the researcher described the terms used to refer to internal body organs such as the heart, teeth, the uterus, the throat, the aorta and the vein. In the fourth section the researcher spoke about the terms that refer to external body organs such as the face, the head, the cheek, the leg and others. The fourth chapter was dedicated to discuss linguistic issues in which the semantic development of the studied terms was examined through the relationships that govern those terms such as Homonymy (Al-Mushtarak Al-lafthi) and Synonymy (Al-Mushtarak Al-Ma'nawi), metaphor, terms that come in plural form, verbs that were derived from the human being's body organs, terms that refer to the human being in whole and in particularity between Arabic and the Semitic Language, as well as implication. The researcher finally concluded the study with the most important results that the study has reached.
Pages Count: