Irrigated and Dry Farming in Jenin Governorate Plains (Comparative Study)

Discussion Committee: 
Dr.Ahmed Ra'fat/Supervisor
Dr.Waleed Mustafa/External Examiner
Dr.Wael Ennab/Internal Examiner
Dr.Ahmed Ra'fat
Nahed Mahmoud Zakarneh
The plains in Jenin Governorate are considered of the most important plains in the West Bank in terms of their areas, the good quality of their soil and the existence of (55) underground surface wells with a production capacity of 3358599 cubic meters yearly specified for the agricultural irrigation. In addition to that labor power is available, and so Jenin is considered to be the Palestinian food basket. This study aims to investigate the agricultural activity as one of the most important economic activities in the Governorate. It also aims to show sizes of agricultural lands, the labor force, its contribution to the local income, and knowing the types of farming and the reasons for increasing the protected farming. The analytical approach has been followed; a field survey for plains has been carried out and the data related to the agricultural areas has been obtained from the agricultural societies and municipalities. Besides, the historical approach has been followed to get the information in the right order and the percentages either for the agricultural areas or the number of people as they form the working people in agriculture. the statistical software SPSS is used to identify the relationships among the variable elements of this study. In addition, the geographical information system (GIS) is used to create the maps relevant to this study. This study is divided into five chapters: Chapter One: includes the general plan for the study. Chapter Two: talks about the natural and human aspects of the study. Chapter Three: has dealt with the factors affecting the agricultural production and its status before and after the establishment of the Palestinian National Authority. The agricultural crops have been classified into a number of groups based on the types and the agricultural methods for each group such as irrigated, dry and protected ones. A difference in the farmed areas has appeared from one period to another. For example, some methods have witnessed a large increase in their areas such as the protected ones, and a decrease in the other methods such as growing water melons and citrus fruits. Chapter Four: talks about the economic benefits of the most important types according to statistical tables through studying and analyzing the inputs and outputs, reasons of winning and losing for each product, and putting suggestions and suitable solutions to improve production and consequently increasing the financial rewards. The last chapter: contains the results and recommendations which in turn show if there is a relationship that has statistical significance between two variable elements from the questions of this study or not. And the most important of these was that there is no relationship between the farmer's continuity in the agricultural field and his getting aids from the Ministry of Agriculture, where it shows that the percentage of those who got aids was only 3.7 % of this study. This study also shows the highest percentage for the nature of farming ownership is due to the hiring ownership, as it forms a percentage of 45.7% opposed to 25.6 % for the individual ownership. In addition, a large percentage of farmers want to go on farming although they are not satisfied with the returns. It is noteworthy that this group forms about 59.3 % of the total number of the farmers included in this study sample. There is also a tendency towards the protected farming on the expense of the uncovered farming and this is realized through the farmed areas in 1996 - (92) donums for tomatoes, (352) donums for cucumber which rose to reach (1511) donums for cucumber in 2010. The most important recommendations of this study are: The Ministry of Agriculture should either support farmers in financially or provide them with production equipment. Rehabilitating and maintaining licensed underground wells. Protecting the local product through reducing the imports of such products from Israel. In addition to this, saving irrigation water through exploiting rain water (water harvesting) by building pools, especially in Marj Bin Amer Plain.
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