Internal impetration to Ramallah and Al Bireh Cities

Discussion Committee: 
Dr. Wael Ennab
Yaser Mohammed Sarhan Kassab
This study 'investigates the phenomenon of internal migration to the towns of Ramala and Al-Beera since these two towns enjoy an intermediate geographical location on the one hand, and an administrative and political importance among the towns of the West Bank on the other. The study consists of five chapters each of which discusses one aspect of that phenomenon in order to take. in account all its aspects. Chapter One deals with the theoretical background including the problem of the study, the reasons of its choice, its aims, its hypotheses and data sources. It also includes the study questionnaire, the boundaries of the studied area, the study obstacles, the method of analysis, and the previous studies that dealt with the same subject. Chapter Two makes a preface to the subject by giving an idea about the two towns from various prospects including the location, climate, geographical features, urban aspect, education, demography, and other aspects that may be related to the circumstances of both towns in a historical context that is suitable to the subject of the study. Chapter Three deals with the reasons and motives that cause Migration as a social phenomenon whether they were economical, social or political motives. Chapter F our discusses the various demographic, social, economical, and housing characteristics of the immigrants. These characteristics were compared with the characteristics of their peer citizens of both towns. Chapter Five deals with the most eminent results and effects of the internal Migration to Ramala and Al-Beera upon the various aspects, economical, social, political and others. These results were correlated with some of the immigrants characteristics. In addition, it contains the most important results and recommendations of the study. The study used the method of collecting data by means of distributing questionnaires among, the study population in both towns which contained a class random sample of 5% of the total number of the houses of both towns. Thus, A included all the citizens and immigrants of both towns. The sample represented 612 families which included 507 immigrant families and l05 citizen families. The scientific methodology of the study depends on the descriptive, behavioral, quantitative, and analytical methodology since the study dealt with more than one aspect in investigating the Migration phenomenon. However, all of them are contained in one frame. The study attempted to recognize a number of aims including the geographical, economical and administrative location of both cities, the potential motives that motivate migration to them, the immigrants characteristics, and the migration results upon the areas of origin and destination. The study dealt with the problem that it attempted to treat since the migration to both towns is a random migration not preceded by a suitable planning that could cope with the immigrants and that could in turn decreases the negative results of their migration on both towns and the areas of their origin. The importance of the study lies in the fact that migration plays an important role affecting directly the characteristics of the population on both sides. In addition, the study is the first of its kind in this respect especially that it concentrated on Ramala and Al-Beera since they occupy an intermediate geographical location of the West Bank. While carrying out the study, the researcher faced a number of problems. One of those major problems was that some of the population refused to fill the questionnaire either completely or partially by refusing to answer questions concerning their income or work before migration and other questions. On the other hand, the researcher faced problems related to obtaining data and maps from official circles. The study reached a number of findings related to internal Migration in both towns. These findings were in conformity to a large extent with the findings of studies carried out h researchers in other similar communities. These findings came in series according to the study chapters as follows. The study confirmed, that the population growth 1n both Ramala and Al-Beera was not resulting crow natural increase. On the contrary, migration played the largest role in its increase during different years. The study also reached the finding that the various economical motives had the most eminent role in attracting the immigrants (family heads) towards Ramala and M-Beera, followed by the social factors. More than often, the political factors related to the Israeli occupation Of the Israeli occupation of the Palestinian cities and towns in the year 194%, and then the occupation of Jerusalem in 196-had a great effect in increasing the immigrants towards Ramala and Al Been. 'This factor is obvious by the large percentage of refugees in both towns. Other factors had a humble contribution to the population increase in comparison with the previous factors and variables.
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