The Impact of Palestinian Ostentation Websites on the Political Affiliation and Attitude: Students of An-Najah National University as a Model (2000-2007)

Discussion Committee: 
Dr. Uthman Uthman
Ameen Abdulaziz Dablan Abowardeh
This study aims at discovering the effect the Palestinian news websites have on An Najah University students as a sample of the entire Palestinian student population of more than 80 thousand. The study also aims at determining the relationship between these websites and political affiliation of these students in an attempt to discover positive effects these sites have on the students from a patriotic and academic perspectives, or any negative effects, if any. This thesis also discusses the relationship between communications and the Internet, media and electronic journalism, as well as the relationship between students and websites and employing these sites to influence the students politically. The researcher begins with a historical introduction and development stages of said sites. He also talks about the uses, characteristics, as well as the effect these sites have on students in general, and An-Najah students in particular. The researcher delves into the technical and special attention given to these sites by political movements. The researcher also discussed the role these sites played during the Intifada and how they dealt with the periods of political strife and infighting. The researcher reached a few conclusions that these websites played a role in political polarization among the students and that such polarization contributed to intolerance and rigidity among political movements, and that financing was behind such rigidity. The thesis shows that the Palestinian public in general and the student segment in particular are influenced by these websites due to the huge amounts of information and analysis these sites offer which makes it easier for the audience to evaluate the issues and give them the tools to judge matters more logically despite lack of credibility of some sites. The thesis showed that such websites had contributed and intensified political division among the students and to the general deterioration of relationships among them. It also ruled out the existence of a relationship between websites and dependency on it a source of information, from the students perspective. The thesis outlines that staying tuned to these websites did not contribute to the political affiliation of the students, but rather they play a role in attracting students toward political events in general and issues at hand, but not political affiliation, from the perspective of the surveyed students at An-Najah University. The study also shows that the Palestinian news websites were tools to spread information and that they ranked second to satellite TV. Radio and printed newspapers ranked last.The observer of the Palestinian media outlets through the period 2006-2008 will notice that such outlets clearly became part of the internal political crisis and that they did not perform in a professional manner, but rather were involved in the political infighting. The researcher concluded by recommending that these sites maintain a minimum standard of professionalism in dealing with the news and that they should endorse a charter of honor so as to determine the nature of the relationship among them. He also recommended sunning differences and divisions as well as refusing conditional outside financing because of the clear effects such financing have on operation and policy of these sites, especially those that receive funds from Western certain government.He also recommended rejecting extremist accusations because of the detrimental effect they have on the social fabric, and recommended an agreement on terminology used in the Palestinian media and staying away from such terminology that may provoke tensions and internal strife.
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