The impact of the level of education of both spouses on the degree of participation in family mdecision making in Tulkarem Governorate

Program: 
Year: 
2016
Discussion Committee: 
Dr. Julia Droeber/supervisor
Dr. Omar Ayed/co-sueprvisor
Dr. Ahmad Fetaihah/external examiner
Dr. Faker Khalili/internal examiner
Supervisors: 
Dr. Julia Droeber/supervisor
Dr. Omar Ayed/co-sueprvisor
Authors: 
Hussein Ibrahim Shaker Khaleel
Abstract: 
This study discussed the effect of the level of education for both spouses on the degree of participation in family decision making in Tulkarem Governorate. The study also aimed to investigate the relation between, on the one hand, other study variables (spouses' age, spouses' age at marriage, family's place of residence, monthly income of both spouses, employment status of both spouses) and, on the other hand, the degree of participation in the decision making among the spouses, and when this participation is weakened and when it is strengthened depending on these variables. The study population is made up of the families that live in Tulkarem Governorate. From this, the study sample was chosen randomly, resulting in a sample of 262 families. The study used the method of analytical description for its suitability for such kinds of research. In order to collect data, to come to results, and to be able to generalize from the results on all individuals of the research population, the study employed the tool of questionnaire for data collection. The study found that there was a positive relationship between the variable of the level of education for both spouses and the participation in decision making on procreation, family planning, economic decisions concerning the family, some other crucial decisions, and some other social decisions. Moreover, the study found that the variable of spouses' age does not affect the spouses' participation in decisions of procreation, family planning, and economic decisions concerning the family. Furthermore, the study found that the variable of the husband's age has a greater impact on participation in making crucial and social decisions than the wife's age in these areas. The study found that among the spouses that married between the ages of 31-40 years there was more participation in decisions of procreation and family planning. Among those who married between the ages of 21-30 and 31-40 years participation in economic decisions and crucial decisions was greater than among others. Participation in social decision making was greatest among those who had married between the ages of 41-50 year. Furthermore, the study found that the variable of place of residence (city, village, refugee camp) does not have a noteworthy impact on spouses' family decision making. The study found that there is a relationship between the wife's level of monthly income and the spouses' participation in decisions concerning procreation and family planning. This gap in participation decreases when the wife's monthly income increases in favour of an increase of her participation in such decisions. There is no significant effect of the husband's monthly income on these decisions. Moreover, the study found that a positive relationship between spouses' level of income and their participation in economic, crucial, and social decisions, and that the effect of the wife's income was greater than the effect of the husband's income in these decisions. The study also found that the variable of the wife's work status has an obvious effect on the spouses' participation in decisions of procreation, of family planning, in economic and crucial decisions. The wife's participation in decision making in these areas increases when she is in paid employment. The variable of the husband's employment status is weak in these areas. The study recommended to : Increase the interest from official sides and decision makers to focus on the quality of education rather than the numbers of the educated people in the Palestinian society in general and in Tulkarem governorate in particular, Work and focus on newly married couples in awareness programs to raise awareness about the importance of both spouses' participation in decision making and about sound strategies to take family decisions, Importance of fair distribution of educational dividends for both sexes, by decreasing the gap in the education ratio of both males and females, to increase the social return from education, Work on the increase of attention in the quality of education in rural areas and the refugee camps to increase the participation among the spouses in family decision making.
Full Text: 
Pages Count: 
109
Status: 
Published