The Impact of the Electronic Press on the Palestinian Political Development in Palestine (West Bank & Gaza Strip) from 1996 up to 2007

Year: 
2008
Discussion Committee: 
Supervisors: 
Prof. Abdel Sattar Qasem
Authors: 
Khaled Ameen Maali
Abstract: 
This study aims at understanding the impact of the Palestinian electronic press on the Palestinian political development starting from the establishment of the first Palestinian press electronic website in 1996 and up to 2007, getting acquainted to the Palestinian electronic press, and analyze its reality. It seeks to provide answers to several questions pertaining to the study, particularly the impact of the Palestinian electronic press on the Palestinian internal situation. Meanwhile, the subject of this research necessitates the application of the analytical descriptive approach in order to describe the reality of the Palestinian electronic press and analyze its components. This thesis discusses the role of the Palestinian electronic press to raise the Palestinian awareness, increase the ceiling of freedom mainly for confronting the Israeli occupation and uncovering its practices, and it seeks to know its assumed responsibility as a “safety valve” for the Palestinian internal situation. The researcher presents a historical background on the establishment and development of the electronic press, then he briefs up the establishment and development of the Internet, defines it, and its impact on the establishment of the electronic press, including its various characteristics. The researcher tries to propose a definition of the electronic press and its relation with the classic press. The researcher has reviewed the establishment and development of the international electronic press, and then tracked how the printed press has concurred with transformed to the electronic form through establishing electronic press websites and the resulting challenges. The researcher, then, browses the establishment and development of the Internet in Palestine accompanied by the emerging of the Palestinian electronic press, which has surpassed in several aspects the classic mass media; a thing that has accelerated the awareness of the other nations of the reality of the occupation. The researcher, then, discusses the reality of the Palestinian electronic press, and illustrates how it has gone apart from the professional criteria in the midst of the internal conflict and its failure in this regard, despite its success against the occupation. He elaborates on the “press war” between the Israeli occupation and the pro-Palestinian electronic websites. He argues the hypothesis that the Palestinian electronic press strengthens and reinforces the foundations of the Palestinian political development through increasing the ceiling of freedom, and the interchangeability between the electronic press and the political change and public opinion, and its relation with the political education. In this regard, he explains the study’s most important conclusions for the reinforcement of the bases of the Palestinian political development through the electronic press. The researcher has concluded several recommendations in order to overcome the negativeness of and develop the Palestinian electronic press. It is necessary for the press body and Ministry of Information to define the allowed ceiling when dealing with internal crises, acknowledging honor press charter, reinforcing professionalism, developing the Palestinian electronic press apart from partisanship or factionalism, and formulate an organizing strategic vision toward reform, change and political development.
Pages Count: 
170
Status: 
Published