Feasibility Study of Implementing CSP Technology in Palestine

Discussion Committee: 
Dr. Aysar Mahmoud Yasin / Supervisor
Mahmoud Ismail / External Examiner
Abdelrahim Abusafa / Internal Examiner
Dr. Aysar Mahmoud Yasin / Supervisor
Osama Isam S. Draidi
Population growth and economic development are the prominent reasons to a continuous increase in energy demand in Palestine. At the same time conventional energy sources are totally imported from Israeli side, this arise amid growing global concern for the environment. These issues with other factors emphasize the importance of utilizing solar energy in Palestine as one of the renewable energy sources. The solar energy can be exploited to generate electricity through the technology of concentrated solar thermal power (CSP). This thesis discusses the feasibility of implementing CSP technology in Palestine provided that Palestine has enormous potential in solar energy. To generalize the study for all Palestinian regions the study includes five regions in Palestine which are Jericho, Hebron, Nablus, Ramallah, and Gaza Strip. Selection site criteria has been applied to assure that the selected site is appropriate for implementing a 1 MW CSP plant as a case study. The parabolic trough technology is found to be the most suitable CSP technology to be used in Palestine. Different economical and financial indicators were utilized to study the feasibility of utilizing CSP technology in Palestine. The Levelized Cost of Energy (LCOE) from CSP plants without storage system is ranging from 0.2 to 0.5 USD/kWh for the five selected sites in Palestine, whereas it is ranging from 0.19 to 0.47 USD/kWh if three hours of thermal energy storage is used. The simple payback period (SPBP) of implementing CSP plants in Palestine is ranging from 7 to 25 years, whereas it is ranging from 7 to 18 years if three hours of thermal energy storage is used. Other indicators are estimated like net present value, equity payback period, annual life cycle savings, and benefit cost ratio. The reduction in gas emissions mainly CO2 is evaluated but financially it has not taken into account. Sensitivity analysis showed that the price of solar field is the governing factor for the differences in financial viability between selected sites. The study showed that 5% and 10% increase in electricity selling price generated by CSP plant (feed in tariff) will remarkably further improving the financial viability.
Pages Count: