Factors Affecting the Planning and Physical Features in the Refugee Camps of Tulkarem Governorate

Year: 
2003
Discussion Committee: 
Supervisors: 
Dr. Husian Ahmad
Dr. Ali Abdul -Hamid
Authors: 
Muatasem Hilmi Khader Abu Tamam
Abstract: 
The factors affecting planning and architectural features in Tulkarem Province camps : The study deals with the factors affecting planning and architectural features in Tulkarem and Nurshams camps. Tulkarem Camp is close to the eastern part of Tulkarem City while Nurshams Camp is only 3 km east of Tulkarem City. Both Camps are situated on Tulkarem – Nablus Road. The study consists of eight chapters. The first chapter covers the problem of the study, it’s importance, the aims, the method, the questions, the sample, the questionnaire, precedent studies, and the literature of this subject. The second chapter deals with the establishment of the Palestinian camps. It states the emergence of the Palestinian refugees issue and their numbers. In addition, the chapter involves the establishment stage as a result of the 1948 and 1967 wars, the general characteristics of the Palestinian refugee camps, and a brief description of Tulkarem and Nurshams Camps. The third chapter deals with characteristics of the inhabitants of the camps. The study indicates that there is a rise in the children age rate under fifteen in both camps that is %51.1 ( %45.7 in Nurshams Camp and %54.2 in Tulkarem Camp), and a rise in the middle age rate (between 15 and 64) that is %46.4 (%50.5 in Nurshams Camp and %43.4 in Tulkarem Camp), and drop in the old age rate (above 64 years old) that is %2.8 (%3.4 in Nurshams Camp and %2.4 In Tulkarem Camp). The study showed that there is a drop in the median age that is 14 years (16 years in Nurshams Camp and 13 years in Tulkarem Camp). These figures show that the research population lies within the youth stage, the stage of demographic transition. The fourth chapter deals with residence characteristics. The study concluded that the most common construction materials are bricks and cement that is %93.2 in both camps (%97.4 in Tulkarem Camp, and %86.7 in Nurshams Camp). In addition, the study showed that the independent type of building has been decreasing in both camps that is %10.4 (%11.3 in Tulkarem Camp, and %9.2 in Nurshams Camp, and the apartments building type has been increasing that is %42.2 in both camps (%40.4 in Tulkarem Camp, and %44.9 in Nurshams Camp), and there is a rise in the contiguous solitary type of building that is %45.2 in both camps (%45.7 in Tulkarem Camp, and %44.9 in Nurshams Camp). The study also shows that the average number of rooms in each house is 3.2 rooms (3.1 in Tulkarem Camp, and 3.2 in Nurshams Camp), and the average number of persons in a single room is 2.3 person per room (2.4 person per room in Tulkarem Camp, and 2.2 person per room in Nurshams Camp). These figure shows that the average housing density is very high in both camps. The fifth chapter deals with the aspects of change in the unit of residence (the house), and the camp planning features since its establishment. The analysis of change in the main elements of planning, that is the housing block, the streets, and the public squares. In addition to the study of the stages of development of the unit of residence. The sixth chapter deals with the architectural and planning features of the camp: the general planning of the camp, the aesthetic aspects of architecture, the spread and growth of architecture, public utilities and services in the camp, the public squares, the paths, the lanes, and the visual study of blocks and the resulted image of the camp. The seventh chapter deals with the change in the infra-structure features of planning, and the land use in both camps. The study shows some developments and changes in the infra-structure as a result of the land use in horizontal and vertical expansion of architecture during 1970s and 1980s. The eighth chapter deals with the factors affecting planning and architecture in the camp. the study shows that factors, such as planning attitude, relation and neighborhood factors have a considerable effect on planning features. It also shows that hard economic conditions played a great role in spread of several stories types of buildings, and the negligence of implementing the regulations and planning laws which resulted in the infringement upon the environment, and planning and architectural features.
Pages Count: 
271
Status: 
Published