Environmental Impoct Assesment of Separation wall Which built in Wast Bank

Year: 
2005
Discussion Committee: 
Supervisors: 
Professor Dr. Marwan Haddad
Authors: 
Mazen Ibrahim Hasan Salman
Abstract: 
This research handled the study and analyzing of the environmental effects resulted from building the separating wall and according to the circumstances the Palestinian citizens live especially during the second Intifada (Al-Aqsa Intifada) the various effects resulted and which the last one of them was erecting the recital separation wall on the Palestinian citizens' lands. The importance of this study for the Palestinians hides in that the wall is the thing which caused them to lose their living resorerces land and water, uprooting their trees and it separated them and caused them to leve in contons, the matter which destroyed their economy and environment, whereas the Zionist entity government built this wall on the Palestinian citizens lands and among their villages and tonses. For this its effects were destructive for man, animal, trees and stone. The problem did not only confine to the persons whose houses were destroyed and lands were eroded and their trees were uprooted, but it also surpassed and their effects were apparent on a big sector of the Palestinian people, and it is confine that it studies the case of the Gitizen who was harmed because of the wall but it studies the effect of the wall on the Palestinian environment as a whole as it stadies thae effect of the wall on animals and wild plants and even on the air, water and Pastares. This study aimed at acquainting with the environmental effects resulted from building whe separating wall on the Palestinian people's lands and evaluating the extent of the wall effect on the Palestinian environment and limiting the environmental risks resulted from erecting the wall. But as for the time and place, this study dealt with the effects resulted from erecting the separating wall in the period 2003-2004, and it include there governorates: Jenin, Qalqiliah, Jerusalem by a lot. The effects were great as it percentage on it was 76.01% and this expresses the effect of the hygienic sector greatly, and on the environmental sector it was great and with great loss. Table (34) illustrates that the effects were great as the response percentage was 76.01% and this expresses the effect of the hygienic sector was great. But as for the effects on the environmental sector were great but less effective comparable with the other hygienic, environmental, water, agricultural and economic sectors as the response percentage reached to 70.41%. As for the educational considerations, the study results indicate that the response percentage reaches to 74.42%, and this indicates that, the effect on the educational sector was big. As for the water considerations, the study indicates that this sector was the most affected one by the wall as the response percentage was 78.19% and this percentage is considered of the highest percentages after the agricultural and economic considerations. The results of table (34) indicates that the agricultural sector was one of the most harmed as the response percentage was 78.52% and this assures that the basic goal was to annex the Palestinian lands and destroy the table lands. But as for the social and environmental considerations, the result of this study indicates that this sector was the most harmed comparable with the other sectors as the response percentage was 79.68%. But as for the considerations of establishments, the study indicates that this sector is one of the least affected by the wall comparable with the other sectors as the response percentage was 57.75%. this shows that the establishments were less affected of the study results, there have been learn differences with a statistical indication (0.05) between the wall erection and the life standard attribute to domicile change (city, village) especially in the hygienic effects between the villages and cities as the effect on the villages is greater and is attributed to centralizing the hygienic services in the cities. It has also been clarified that there were differences with statistical indication at level (0.05) between the wall building and life standard attributed to the variety of work nature between the suplayee and merchant for the employee's sake.
Pages Count: 
172
Status: 
Published