Effectiveness of a Computerized Software in Teaching Chemical reactions on the Achievement of the Ninth Grade Students in UNRWA Schools and Their Attitudes Toward Science learning

Year: 
2015
Discussion Committee: 
Dr. Soheil Hussein Salha/supervisor
Prof. Alam El Din al-Khatib/co-supervisor
Dr. Zeyad Qabajeh/external examiner
Dr. Mahmoud Shamali/internal examiner
Supervisors: 
Dr. Soheil Hussein Salha/supervisor
Prof. Alam El Din al-Khatib/co-supervisor
Authors: 
Fatima Waleed Abu Hashiyeh
Abstract: 
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of the computer software in teaching the chemical reactions on the achievement of the ninth grade students at UNRWA schools and their attitudes towards learning science. The statement of the study can be summarized in the following question: What is the effectiveness of the computer software in teaching the chemical reactions on the achievement of the ninth grade students at UNRWA schools and their attitudes towards science learning? To answer the questions of the study ،the researcher used the experimental method in its semi-experimental way .That is, the researcher applied his study to a sample of students which consisted of (56) students from the ninth grade students at Asker UNRWA Boys' School in Nablus for the scholastic year 2014/2015. Then the sample was divided into two groups : the experimental group which was taught by the computer software and consisted of (29) students and the controlled group which was taught by the traditional way of teaching and consisted of (27) students. The following instruments were prepared and used: 1. A questionnaire of attitudes towards learning science which consisted of (29) items. The reliability of the instrument was calculated. Accordingly, the reliability coefficient was (0.70) which was acceptable for the purpose of the study. 2. An achievement post-test for the chemical reactions unit which was judged by notable judges The reliability of the test was calculated. Accordingly, the reliability coefficient was (0.753) which was acceptable for the purpose of the study. The collected data were analyzed using SPSS Program aiming to calculate the means and the standard deviations to come up with a clear description of the students' achievement in the post-test for the experimental and the controlled groups and the findings of the attitudes towards learning science questionnaire. One-way ANCOVA was used to determine the difference in the mean scores of the achievement and the attitudes of both the experimental and the controlled groups. Also, Pearson coefficient was used to determine the relationship between the academic achievement and the attitudes towards science learning. The statistical analyses came up with the following results:  There is a significant difference at the (α=0.05) level in the mean scores of the students' achievement in the experimental group and those of the controlled group regarding the way of teaching (traditional or computer software) in the total value of the post-test in favor of the experimental group.  There is a significant difference at the (α=0.05) level in the mean scores of the students' attitudes towards learning science in the experimental group and those of the controlled group regarding the way of teaching (traditional or computer software) in favor of the experimental group which was taught by computer software.  There is a significant relationship between the academic achievement and the attitudes of ninth grade students towards learning science in the experimental group. Based on these results, the researcher recommended that the computer software should be used in presenting and teaching the scientific material since it enhances and improves the academic achievement and the attitudes towards learning science. The researcher also recommended that the Ministry of Education should adopt teaching by computer software to enrich the teaching environment and provide the student with a variety of learning skills.
Pages Count: 
150
Status: 
Published