The Effect of Using Analogies in the Construction of Scientific Concepts and the Development of Thinking Abilities with the Students of the Fourth Fundamental Form in the Province of Nablus

Year: 
2014
Discussion Committee: 
Abdel Ghani Hamdi Abdullah Saifi/supervisor
Dr. Khaolah Shakshair/external examiner
Dr. Shehadeh Abdo/internal examiner
Supervisors: 
Abdel Ghani Hamdi Abdullah Saifi/supervisor
Authors: 
Roula Amjad Saeed Kiwan
Abstract: 
The aim of this study is to find out the Effect of Using Analogies in the Construction of Scientific Concepts and the Development of Thinking Abilities with the Students of the Fourth Fundamental Form of State Schools affiliated to the Education Directorate in the Province of Nablus as applied to the First Term of Academic Year (2013/2014). The researcher has used the semi- empirical methodology, whereby; the study tools were applied to a sample of the study where (60) students from the Fourth Fundamental Education Form at the Asira Al Shamaliya boys Fundamental Education School took part. They were divided into two groups; one consisting of (30) students was used as a controlling reference, while the other group consisting also of (30) students was an experimental group. The Experimental Group was taught using analogies, while the other group was taught using traditional methods. The researcher used two tools in her study: The test to construct the scientific concepts was made up of (24) paragraphs، and the test measuring the scientific thinking skills was made up of (11) paragraphs, It also requires the preparation of educational material used as the Teacher’s Guide for the implementation of analogical strategy in the “Sound” unit in general sciences teaching of the Fourth Fundamental Form. The study’s tools viability were tested and approved, and the confirmation of the scientific concept was obtained; along with the viability of the scientific thinking skills test. The difficulties and variation factors were also taken into account when testing the resulting outcomes. Then, the construction of scientific concepts and the scientific thinking skills were also tested both, before teaching the educational unit and after its completion. The Analysis of Covariance (ANCOVA) was used to see the effect of using analogies on the consequent variables in the study. The study results showed the following: • There exist difference of statistical indications at the function level (α=0.05) between the average marks of the two group of student study (Experimental, Reference) in relation to the test concerning the construction of scientific concepts for the Experimental Group. • There exist difference of statistical indications at the function level (α=0.05) between the average marks of the two group of student study (Experimental, Reference) in relation to the test concerning the development of scientific thinking skills for the Experimental Group. The study recommendation is to encourage the use of analogies strategy in the teaching of Sciences as this method has a considerably positive effect in the construction of concepts and the development of the students’ thinking skills and employing such a strategy at all levels of education.
Full Text: 
Pages Count: 
115
Status: 
Published