Connotations of Colors in Nizar Qabbani's Poetry

Discussion Committee: 
Prof. Yahia Jabr
Prof. khalil 'Odeh
Ahmad Abdalla Mohammad Hamdan
This study semantically and stylistically deals with color in Nezar Qabbani's poetry.It aims at highlighting and counting studying the color aspects in his poetry. This research is viewed as being part of the study of linguistics, in that it deals with the meanings and implications of the color expressions. Hence, color occupies an important part in our lives due to the fact that it is a motive for vitality, activeness, rest and tranquility, in addition to being a symbol of our different feelings of joy and pleasure. The research takes the methods of analysis, description and calculation in treating such color expressions. Therefore, this research includes an introduction, three chapters and a conclusion, I addition to an appendix of the color expressions in Nezar's poetry. The first chapter tackles the meanings of color in Arabic as the concept of color is deeply rooted in the old Arab tradition, especially in the elevated poetic texts of the Seven Odes, and this chapter contains the following subjects: the colors in the old Arab poetry and the modern ones, and the black color and its meaning, the white color and its meaning, the red color and its meaning, the green color and its meanings, the yellow and its meanings, the blue color and its meanings, and the mixture o colors and the colors of rainbow and the color in the poetry of modern poets. The Second Chapter deals with the meanings of Nizar's color expressions. It begins with linguistically and idiomatically defining semantics. The research is divided into sub-headings for separate colors. Likewise, the core or central meaning is showed, followed by the implicative meaning or what is semantically referred to as the marginal meaning. This last meaning is aimed at as it shows the historical, social and psychological dimensions which influenced the poet. The Third Chapter rhetorically tackles the color aspect, depending on the modern stylistic method of criticism. Though the poet's core meanings in the aspect of color are dominant, he doesn't overlook his skillfulness in the implicative meanings. In addition, this chapter studies a number of topics related to the stylistic method which is unavoidably defined as being a modern method in the studies of criticism. Similarly, the researcher gives enough space for the stylistic displacement in Nezar's poetry considering it as an important distinguishing factor in poetry. Hence, the more the poet intends to mislead the reader through breaking the rules of language, the more successful and effective his work becomes. Moreover, repetition is of great importance in the study as being both one of the pivots of the stylistic method and one of the linguistic studies' means. As for the type of markedness, Nezar Al-Qabbani undertakes the varied and different; be it mostly a structural, narrative, descriptive and a syntactic markedness. This type of markedness aims at revealing the poet's intention to break the common rules of the language just as the free verse breaks the rules of prosody. Thereupon, the literary image is prominently presented in the study as it is a main pivot in any literary work.
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