Analyzing and Evaluating Visual Pollution In Tulkarem City (Center of Tulkarem City – Case Study)

Discussion Committee: 
Dr. Mohammad Atta Yousef
Mohammad Talal Jamil Khaled
This study aimed to investigate the phenomenon of visual pollution in the city of Tulkarm, as an example of the Palestinian cities, identifying it’s manifestations, the impact of these manifestations into the general scene in the city, and to propose treatment recommendations for municipality of Tulkarem and related institutions. In order to achieve the objectives of the study, the researcher recognized and documented with figures and charts the manifestations of visual pollution in the city, and also designed questionnaire to assess the phenomenon of visual pollution. The questionnaire was validated and distributed to a stratified random sample of size (196) of engineers and others. The researcher revealed the following results - The most important aesthetic elements that must be met is the water fountains, the night lighting, and the walls of cinema. - The elements that have most contribution to the visual pollution are the places of supply of goods, umbrellas, kiosks. - There is a negative role for the municipality of Tulkarem in the rebuilding and planning of the square of Jamal Abdel Nasser. - The places of selling goods, traffic congestion and narrow streets are the biggest planning and environmental problems faced by the city of Tulkarem . - There is a very big role lying on the Tulkarem municipality to find parking, guiding plates, street lighting, and removal of places of selling goods, and the development of waste baskets, standardization of billboards, the restoration of old buildings, and to identify the pattern and system of each street, the redesign of the city center. In the light of the study, a set of recommendations were concluded, as follows. - The necessity of setting appropriate laws and legislations, to curb the further spread of the phenomenon of visual pollution, particularly with regard to building. - Caring of a unified model for advertisements, and their location, and the spaces allocated to them. - The need to redesign the square of Jamal Abdel Nasser. - The need for the restoration of old buildings to create a state of coherence and harmony between the two types of buildings throughout the city.
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