Vulnerable in the first Period of Islam- 610 AD/(1 of the Mission 660 AD)/40 for Hijra

Discussion Committee: 
Prof. Jamal Juda
Mohammed Faris Bashir Suleyman
Abstract Vulnerability had appeared through all periods of history. Before Islam, it has been placed upon many social categories around the area from east to west. These categories were with names as, slaves, pours ,peasants, the public and others. And the notion of vulnerability to the development of semantic, so that it became an Islamic concept. It was linked to people who didn't belong to big and strong tribes after migration to Maddenah. This idiom was linked to those who were prevented from migration then, some linked the nation to Al-alBayt after the death of the Prophet. Also it was linked to all those who lived under oppression, deprivation, and humiliation because of weakness. In old history it was linked to what Jews had suffered of killing and captivity. Islam appeared in Mecca under a Tribal system and social classes. It was consisted of masters and below them slaves and loyals. Many of them became Muslims, because they found that Islam can achieve some of there social, economical and spiritual status. Quraish refused Islam and fought against it in all means. So masters begin to torture their slaves who became Muslims, Abu jahl for example killed Sumaya, Yasser, and their son Ammar. When Muslims emmigrated to Maddeneh, and established the state of Islam, there the vulnerable became Soldiers, and although they had a new social status, they were still seen as slaves. This vision affected the view of the government towards them, especially because Slaveness hadn't been forbidden yet. But the state redacted it. After the death of the prophet, his family faced vulnerability by the masters of Quraish. They were ignored during the issue of choosing a Caliph. They were ignored also through the state functions. But their social and spiritual status was not affected during theTestament Rashidi. When (Ali) became a caliph, Quraish fought against him, so Al-alBayt were still also Vulnerable. Alansar also faced political Vulnerability when they were neglected during the issue of electing the caliph in (Saqeefat Banee Saidah). Also they weren't employed in the government during expanding Islam. But their spiritual, social and economical status was strong through the Testament Rashidi until it finished by the assassination of the Caliph, Ali, including administrative political and military status.
Pages Count: