Saudi Arabia Position on The Question of Palestine 1936-1948

Discussion Committee: 
Dr. Tayseer Yunes Jbara
Mahmoud Birawi
The Study reveals the position of Saudi Arabia toward Palestine from 1936-1948 Arabia was ruled by many families as AI-Rashid who could dismissed AI-Su'ud Family who immigrated to kwait. After that Mubark As-Sabbah helped them to restore their political position. Abdul-Aziz Ibn Su'ud attached AI-Riyadh and killed their ruler and restored his family authority. He then began expanding his power on Arabia; so he defeated Ar- Rashid Family as well as the Ottman power. Many battles took place between him.and Hussein Iben AIi (Mac(froler) till the later was defeated and king Then Su'ud established his kingdom in 1932. King ThenSu'ud interest in Palestine was not enormous before the Revolution of 1936. He refused to sign Jadda Treaty in 1927 when he asked to adjust Al-Aqueer Treaty in order to become a king over AI-Hijaz and Najd. This is because Britain asked him have privileges for Jews in Palestine. But at last Britain neglected this demand and Jadda Treaty had been signed. By the eruption of AI-Buraq Revolution (1929), Then Su'ud sent a complaint letter to the British Government in which he protests against jews abuses against the Palestinian prayers. Then Su'ud shared the Islamic world in the Islamic conference (1931) which dealt with Palestine and Jerusalem. Prince Su'ud Then Abdul-Aziz visited Palestine and prayed at AI-Aqsa and .met .. the leaders of the National Movement who asked him to support Palestine. Saudia Arabia supported Palestine in the Revolution of 1936 from the different levels through the contacts between king Then Su'ud and the High Arab Committee. Saudi Arabia with the other Arab countries asked the High Arab Committee to stop the strike and meet the Royal Committee. The High Arab Committee accepted and met the Royal Committee. But the decisions of the Royal Committee was disappointing. The Division Resolution was announced in 1937. And the Saudi Arabia protested against it and supported the Palestinians. The Islamic and Arab world refused the Resolution and held Bloodan and the Arab Congress Commences (1937) in Cairo. The British Government asked the independent Arab countries, the jewish Agency and the High Arab Committee to hold London conference (1939). King Then Su'ud asked his son to defend the Palestinian Rights to which they have a just claim But again the Connfrence has been failed because of the British supporting policy toward Jews. Saudi Arabia was hesitated against the white paper (1939). When nthe World War II began; King Then Su'ud refused all conspiracies against Palestine, because these are against his policy. The Zionist Movement became active during World War II in order to force the American President-Rosefolt to help Jews. King ThenSu'ud sent many letters to "Rosefolt" to clarify the Palestinian Right. Then a meeting was held between RosefoIt and King Then Su'ud in which Rosefolt asked for Permission for the Jewish immigration to Palestine. But Iben Su'ud refused this and sent him a letter in which he insisted on the Palestinian Rights. The Anglo-American Committee visited Palestine in 1946 and some of the Arab Countries. The Committee met Then Su'ud whom insisted on his refusal to the Committee Division Resolution and his support to the Palestinian. But the Committee again supported the jewish and American demands. The Arabs then held two conferences in Anshass and Bloodan (1946) to refuse the Decision of the Anglo American Committee. The British Government asked the Arabs to attend a conference in London (1946). And again, it was failed to achieve the Palestinian demands. Then, Palestine Case was referred to the United Nations who in turn announced the Division Resolution in (1947). Saudi Arabia protested against the Resolution. After that the Arabs, held many conferences in Sofer, Alia and Cairo to support Palestine. When the Israeli- Palestinian War erupted, Saudi Arabia participated by supplying Palestine morally and financially. Also Saudi Arabia sent volunteers to defend the Palestinians.
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