Awqaf (endowment) of Nablus (1242h-1337h)-(1826m-1918m

Program: 
Year: 
2013
Discussion Committee: 
Dr. Amin Abu Bakr/supervisor
Dr. Ebraheem Rabayia'/external examiner
Prof. Jamal Jodeh/internal exmainer
Supervisors: 
Dr. Amin Abu Bakr/supervisor
Authors: 
Moheeb Ahmad Hasan Zraeq
Abstract: 
The movable and immovable endowments are considered one of the major components in the formation of the economic and social history of the Ottoman states including Palestine، and form an indicator of the movement of construction، building، preaching، guidance، education، caring for the orphans، helping the poor and the homeless، as well as supporting residence and fighting colonization، preserving the heritage and money. Based on this، the Ottoman State not only approved on the Ayyubid and Mamluk endowments، but also added to them which enabled the different scientific، medical، social and economic institutions to continue performing their roles. In order to ensure the organization and preservation of the endowment، the Endowment Department was established in the Ottoman State so as to supervise the different affairs of the charitable endowment as well as the Muslim and non-Muslim offspring endowment in the year (1826 / 1242 Hirji)، the same year in which the Inkishari army was disbanded in order to use its money for the sake if the new army. We notice that the organization and control of the endowment in Palestine started with the establishment of the Endowment Department. This continued with the issuance of the Ottoman Land Code (1858 / 1275 Hijri)، then the Land Registration Law in (1859 / 1276 Hijri)، and the Field Demarcation Law along with the expiration of the Land Registration Law in (1869 / 1286 Hijri). The Nablus Endowment has been selected as a model and living example of the reality of endowment in Palestine in order to identify its area and the extent of its expansion، as well as its returns، expenditures and the challenges it faced. The study has been presented in five chapters. In the first chapter، the researcher addressed and analyzed the resources from which he obtained the information. In the second one the researcher addressed the endowments organizations with respect to their definition in language and dictionary، the correct and incorrect sections of endowment، as well as the situations of endowment before the organizations as he focused on the management of endowment by the men in charge and the notables in addition to the Egyptian procedures during its presence in Al-Sham region. He then talked about the endowment organizations through the laws that have been issued and the organizations followed by the managerial hierarchy in managing the different affairs of the endowments starting by the Endowment Department، the Endowment Directorate، the man responsible for the endowment، the clerk، and the collector being jobs that are part of the endowment sector. In the third chapter، the researcher talked about the amount of the offspring endowment and its spread in the area of Nablus، in addition to the area of Jenin، the judiciary center that carries its name، and some of the villages affiliated to it since most of Nablus’s villages was part of the charitable endowment. In the fourth chapter، the researcher addressed the amount of charitable endowment present in the area of Nablus which is an extension of the charitable endowment since the Ayyubid and Mamluk states، in addition to what has been added to it during the Ottoman presence in Palestine. The researcher also talked about the mosques endowments inside and outside Nablus، and explained that the Ibrahimi Mosuqe had the highest percentage of endowments. Moreover، he talked about the corners (Zawaya) and hospices (Takaya) that spread across the area including: Al Bustami Corner in Nablus، Al-Amoud Men Maqam، Khaski Sultan Hospice، in addition to the endowments of science places، public water fountains، libraries and the endowments for the people of the dhimma. In the final chapter، the researcher talked about the endowment transactions in terms of exploitation، and consisted of the issues of replacement، monopoly and renting، in addition to the endowments’ incomes especially mosques and the ways of spending these endowments. In the conclusion، the researcher included the results and the recommendations.
Pages Count: 
186
Status: 
Published