AL-Ltroun Sector (1948 – 2007)

Discussion Committee: 
T.D. Netham Eizat Al'basee
D. Abed Alrehman Almagrbee
Hossun Ishtawih Hassan Moubark
Abstract The 1948 and 1967 wars have left destructive effects on the Palestinian people. This was represented by Israeli control over a wide area of their land, Diaspora in different places overseas and the continuation of suffering throughout the world. This study "The Three Villages of Al-Latroun, deportation and Suffering" is highly relevant to the two wars, where Israel took control over a considerable amount of the lands belonging to the three villages in 1948, then occupied them in 1967 after it had totally destroyed them and forced the villagers to leave by force. This idea of having control is highly regarded in view of the Israeli side, as these villages form a central road connection between the Palestinian coast and Jerusalem. Moreover, military and strategic power is given to whoever has a control over these villages and to have priority over the holy city of Jerusalem. The other advantage is the availability of water reserves in the area which make it a point of interest for Israelis to draw out their expansion policies in Palestine. My interest in the topic is a result of having studied all its relevant materials, my acquaintance with people living there, and their talking about long suffering in addition to the availability of authentic documents that will probably enrich the topic and make it integral. The study aims at emphasizing the non-ethical role of fighting practiced by Israeli occupation forces against civilians of these villages during the 1967 war, and perspicuous violations of Fourth Geneva Convention which calls for keeping the rights of civilians at the time of war. Therefore, all involved in violation should be listed as war criminals against humanity. The study further highlights this undetermined and ambiguous issue in the Israeli Palestinian negotiations and the Israeli refusal of dealing with it although it is recognized as occupied area since 1967, ensuring the international legitimacycy of the right for villagers to return based on 242 Security Council Resolution. The study goes further to emphasize the role of Al-Latroun villagers who still support their issue, and try desperately to deliver their message to the public locally and internationally so as to get their issue listed in the heart of Palestinian-Israeli negotiations. They are trying to form supporting public who could pressure for their cause. The study includes four chapters: The first Chapter discusses the historic geography of Al-Latroun's villages, area, population, and historical features. As for the second chapter, it mainly deals with social and economic life as well as health and education services of the people who were living there before 1967. For the third chapter, it is specified for talking about 1967 war, its reactions and effects and suffering of villagers who were expelled and whose villages were destroyed as well during the enforced deportation, and Israeli unfulfilled commitment of international resolutions issued after the war. The study encounters a lot of difficulties. From the one hand, it was uneasy access to resources. From the other hand, it was too hard to meet as many villagers as possible because most of them live outside the country far away from each other. It was also very hard to meet those living inside the country due to Israeli severe closure and siege we are all suffering. Actually, these villages are part of Palestine because they are very similar to other Palestinian areas in history, customs and traditions. However, the 1967 destruction and deportation of people from these villages make the researcher study the issue separately as part of Palestinian context.
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