Abdul-Rahman Ibn Awf (580Ad-32Hijri/652Ad) A study in his Religions, Economic and Political Role in the State of Islam During its Emergence and Formation

Discussion Committee: 
Prof. Jamal Jodeh/supervisor
Dr. Othman Tall /external examiner
Dr. Adnan Melhem/internal examiner
Prof. Jamal Jodeh/supervisor
Rahmah Abd Alrauf Awad Awad
This thesis is about the religious, economic and political role of Abdul Rahman bin Auf (580-655 AD) during the establishment and formation period of Islam state. The thesis spots lights on his religious character. Abdul Rahman bin Aufis close sahabi (companion) of prophet Mohamad – peace be upon him -, prophet’s Hadith narrator and the premier economy man in Islam state, the owner of gigantic money and properties that reflects his political role on caliphate (Islamic governmental regim). The thesis has been limited periodically to pre-Islam era until the death of Abdul Rahman bin Auf in (32 Hijri/655AD). Abdul Rahman bin Auf belongs to Bani Zuhra tribe which was one of Quraysh tribes reside Bitah (a place in Meca). It abode around Kaba (the hiliest place in Islam) after coming an setting of Qusay bin Kilab. Bani Zuhra tribe made Alliances with some Mecan tribes until the appearance of Islam especially with Abdu-Manaf tribe. His tribe, to which the mother of messenger of Allah, Aminah bint Wahb, Belongs, has gained spiritual position. Narrators and Historians have study the character of Abdul Rhman bin Auf from religious, social, economic and political Aspects. They interested in showing his kin and his social relationships which were most often strengthened with affinity. This reflects his trade and his economic setting. They also interested in showing how peoples love and commiserate him. Abdul Rahman bin Auf was characterized with economy intelligence which he gets from Mecan environment where he grew up and worked in trade with his father, Auf, before Islam. It was apparent when he emigrated to Almadina Almonawara, where he directly went to business in the biggest muslem merchants who have had the greatest impact in supporting Islam state economy in formation stage by supporting muslims in their general life and their wars and conquests that he was given the name of minister of economy. This reflected positively after islame on Bani Zuhra – his tribe – which was neglected by the historian references dealing with pre-island Arab history. It is obvious that Abdul Rahman bin Auf is close to messenger of Allah-peace be upon him-because he (Abdul Rahman) is from prophet’s mother tribe on one hand and he is among early people who belive in his invitation asking people to turn away from worshipping idols to worshipping Allah the only God) and narrate Hadith (accounts of the verbal and physical traditions of prophet Mohammad) which deals whith muslims everyday life on the other hand. Abdul Rahman bin Auf played a political role during Rashidun caliphate because of his economical position. Omar Ibn Al-Khatab put his name among the six candidates to success caliphate after him. But abdul Rahman didn’t want that, yet he preferred Othman bin Affan (35H/658AD) to take it. He also worked hard to collect mass agreement to Othman bin Affan Inspite of the tension between them before the death of Abdul Rahman bin Auf. The tension was because of Othman biased policy to his relatives which was objected by Abdul Rahman bin Auf.
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