اثر استخدام نصوص اللغة الانجليزية ذات الأغراض الخاصة على مهارة القراءة العامة في اللغة الإنجليزية لدى طالبات السكرتارية في السنة الأولى من دراستهن في الكليات الفلسطينية

Year: 
2000
Discussion Committee: 
Supervisors: 
د. فواز عقل
Authors: 
سعيد علي سعيد حامد
Abstract: 
The study attempted to investigate the effect of using ESP texts based on secretarial content on the general English reading comprehension of the first year female secretarial students at the college level. Basically, the study aimed at answering two questions: 1. Is there any statistically significant difference at the level (α= 0.05) between the mean scores of the experimental group who read ESP texts and the control group who read GE texts on the general English reading comprehension test? 2. Is there any statistically significant difference at the level (α= 0.05) between the mean scores of the experimental and the control group on each individual component of reading comprehension? The population of the study ( n = 258) consisted of all first year female collegians majoring in Management and Office Automation in the academic year 1999/2000. The sample of the study consisted of two sections, (42) students, at Ramallah Women's Training Center (Al-Tireh College). Three ESP units and a general English reading comprehension test were produced by the researcher . The test was used as a pre-test and post-test . The results of the test were then computed and analyzed using a series of t-tests. The findings of the study were as follows: 1- There was a statistically significant difference between the mean scores of the experimental group and the control group on the general English reading comprehension test for the benefit of the experimental group. 2- There was a statistically significant difference between the mean scores of the experimental group and the control group on each of the four tested components of reading comprehension for the benefit of the experimental group. 3- All the students in the experimental group scored over twenty (the passing score) expect one whereas only seven students in the control group scored over that passing score. 4- The students in the experimental group achieved the highest adequacy level on the lexical component. 5- Both groups achieved the lowest adequacy level on the grammatical component. 6- Both groups had the same achievement order on two components, the discoursal knowledge and grammat-ical knowledge. In the light of the results of the study, the researcher recommended that teachers provide their students with ESP texts and make use of such texts to enrich students' lexical knowledge. The researcher further recommended that course-designers devise ESP course books pertinent to students' needs for each field of specialization and include such course books at early stages of students' study at college. Moreover, the researcher recommended that the Palestinian Ministry of Higher Education replace GE courses offered to first year college students with ESP courses and work in co-ordination with the Ministry of Education to include ESP texts in the schooling stage. Finally, the researcher recommended that other researchers conduct similar studies on other fields of specialization at other levels, examine the effectiveness of the ESP material on skills other than reading comprehension and conduct studies on identifying the specific English needs of college students.
Pages Count: 
0
الحالة: 
Published